. Macaca silenus. Mission Statement: The Hattiesburg Zoo strives to further the public’s appreciation, respect, and knowledge of nature through educational and recreational outlets. Animal class. RANGE: India. Each group consists of a few adult males and roughly twice as many females and infants. The Lion Tailed Macaque is a part of the India themed collection. Abrams, S., 2021. The paper reports the information on the faunal component in the diet of wild lion-tailed macaques. The lion-tailed macaque got its name from its long, thin naked lion-like tail with a tuft of black fur at the end. The Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) is an endangered cercopithecine primate native to the Western Ghats region of India, described as one of the primary hotspots of biodiversity in the world (Kumara & Singh, 2004). It is native to Southeast Asia. These groups consist of adult males, females, and young. Stump-tailed macaques are arboreal and terrestrial. Another solution is to build wooden ladders, as was successfully done by the NGO Nature Conservation Foundation in Tamil Nadu State Forest. The result, according to researchers, is a new conflict situation in the plateau. Strawder, N. 2001. It will initially cling to its mothers chest or back and drink milk until it is weaned at 15 months old. The lion-tailed macaque is an omnivore. Faunal component in the diet of lion-tailed macaque. Natural predators of the lion-tailed macaque include birds of prey such as serpent eagles and the Asian wild dog or dhole. Even if there are several males in the group, only the dominant one is responsible for breeding. & Kumara, H.N. Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) Crab-eating macaque is also popular as a long-tailed macaque. They are about 15–24 in (40–60 cm) tall. They have shiny black fur and an impressive mane of grey hair surrounding their face. Their main staple is fruit--mostly from trees in the fig family. A stamp featuring the lion-tailed macaque has been released in India. As you saw, there are less than 2,500 adult macaques living in the wild today. This tail measures between 24 and 38cm (9.5-15in). The lion-tailed macaque is an omnivore. Where do Japanese macaques live? The dependence on animal protein is likely due to their inability to process foliage protein and lack of leguminous seeds in their diet (Kumar, 1987). (Anup Shah & Fiona Rogers ) Finally, the more concrete meal includes insects, … Quite unfortunately, the remarkable animal also ranks among the rarest and most highly endangered of all primates. They enjoy everything from fruit to meat to bugs! https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T12559A17951402.en. In the Western Ghats, India - Joseph J Erinjery, Honnavalli N. Kumara, K. Mohan and Mewa Singh, Behavioral Responses of Lion-Tailed Macaques (Macaca silenus) to a Changing Habitat in a Tropical Rain Forest Fragment in the Western Ghats, India - Mewa Singh, H. N. Kumara, M. Ananda Kumar, A. K. Sharma, Journal of International Primatology - Male-Male Relationships in Lion-tailed Macaques (Macaca silenus) and Bonnet Macaques (Macaca radiate) - Mewa Singh, Tephillah Jeyara, U. Prashanth, Werner Kaumanns, Primate Conservation 2018 (32) - 205-215 - Understanding Perceptions of People Toward Lion-Tailed Macaques in a Fragmented Landscape of the Anamalai Hills, Western Ghats, India - P. Jeganatham, Divya Mudappa, T. R. Shankar Raman and M. Ananda Kumar. Lion-tailed macaques are extremely important for seed dispersal. Diet Lion-tailed macaques are selective eaters that live in mature mountainous rainforests, where food resources can be limited and widely scattered. Lion-tailed monkey lives in groups of 10 to 20 monkeys. The pregnancy time varies in different rhesus macaque types. The Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) is an Old World monkey that lives only in the Western Ghats of South India. The macaques usually have a wide range of food items. The hair of the lion-tailed macaque is black. The males have impressive long and sharp canines that they show off to discourage other males from challenging them. Their tongue is 3.5 in (9 cm) long. These macaques obtain some of their water by licking dew from leaves. Role of Natural and Anthropogenic Habitats in Conservation of Charismatic Species - Mavatur Ananda Kumar, Sreedhar Vijayakrishnan and Mewa Singh, Population Status of the Endangered Lion-Tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) in Kaladad-Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, India - Hosur Subbarao Sushma, Rohini Mann, Honnavalli N. Kumara, Arumugam Udhayan - Primate Conservation 2014, www.thehindu.com Different strategies needed to conserve lion-tailed, bonnet macaques, says study - Shubashree Desikan January 22, 2020, Lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) manufacture and use tools - Gregory C Westergaard. The dependence on animal protein is likely due to their inability to process foliage protein and lack of leguminous seeds in their diet … Their coat is shiny and black, and their face is framed with an impressive mane of grey hair. It prefers to stay away from humans, unlike the other macaques. Here they can be found in India where they live in the south of the country. As wild populations started to shrink, a breeding program was implemented in 1981 and the species was brought under the Species Survival Plan (SSP) of what is now known as the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA). Use of Enclosure Space by Captive Lion-Tailed Macaques (Macaca silenus) Housed in Indian Zoos - Avanti Mallapur, Natalie Waran, Anindya Sinha. There is no specific breeding time, but most births coincide with the peak of the wet season, when resources are abundant. The name 'lion-tail' is… Teaching people not to feed the monkeys, preventing open waste disposal, ensuring regular garbage collection (including that of medical waste), and monkey-proofing houses are all actions that can be taken to lessen primate-human conflicts. Description. The lion-tailed macaque got its name from its long, thin naked lion-like tail with a tuft of black fur at the end. Also known under its original name of. The macaques usually have a wide range of food items. Their varied diet gives our care team lots of opportunities to be creative and find new food combinations that they might enjoy. Diet: Lion-tailed macaques will feast on primarily fruits, but will also forage for nuts, seeds, young leaves, flowers, and even fungi species. The common food items to have by the lion tail macaque are leaves, flower, buds, stems, Fungi. Over the last twenty years especially, the lion-tailed macaque population has continued to decline and in some parts of the Western Ghats, the species seems to have disappeared. Fota Wildlife Park. The Macaque lives in groups of between ten and 20 individuals with one dominant male taking responsibility for leading the entire troop. Any food made out of fine wheat flour or fried food is not good for its dietary constitution. They see it as a direct consequence of habitat fragmentation and believe the presence of the parasites is a factor in the low birth rates and low juvenile survival in these groups. Females have their first offspring at about 6 years of age. Common Monitor Lizard, Bengal Monitor Lizard. It can be found in Karnataka, Tamil … The Lion-Tailed Macaque is one of the smallest and most endangered of the macaque species. Over the last two decades surveys have documented population declines in a number of areas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T12559A17951402. Related: Lion-tailed Macaque All Information; Rhesus Macaque Florida; They are foreign species in Florida, hence containing many of the harmful diseases that can get transferred to humans. So during International Macaque Week we wanted to celebrate our macaques by giving them some tasty treats and fun enrichment, which we did for the most part, however it did coincide with our routine worming treatment (I will add that they REALLY dislike wormer medication) and we had to come up with new ingenious ideas to get them to take it, so we decided to break with the all-veg diet … The diet of lion tailed macaque is dominated by plant parts (fruit flesh, nectar and resins), rich in simple sugars or polysaccharides, but poor in protein (Kumar, 1987). Natural Diet: Buds, fruits, seeds small birds, mammals and insects form a part of the natural diet of the lion-tailed macaques. Diet. Primate Report, 58: 57-65 (2000) Kumara, H. N., Singh, M. E., Sharma, A. K., Singh, M. R. and Kumar, M. A. ABSTRACT: The paper reports the information on the faunal component in the diet of wild lion-tailed macaques. Macaques tend to be opportunistic feeders. Lion-tailed macaques are also known as wanderoos or the bearded monkey. The seeds and flowers of this species form a major part of the diet (20.7% of annual diet) of Lion-tailed Macaque in mid-elevation rainforests of Silent Valley National Park. On occasion they may also feed on small animals. They sometimes prefer to eat seeds and flowers in their regular diet. It is a territorial animal, defending its area first w… Singh illustrates this point in his review, by comparing the state of LTMs in the Annamalai rainforests and Bonnet macaques in the outskirts of Mysore city. While a female is in estrus, swelling occurs under her tail and she emits a courtship call to let males know that she is ready to mate. On the rare occasion they come to the ground lion-tailed macaques are successful swimmers. What about a kitten or a puppy? Their tail is 9–15 in (24–38 cm) long and helps them keep their balance while in the canopy. 2020. At birth the young have soft fur which develops in to the mature fur of adults by two months old. Lion-tailed macaques are social animals, living in groups of four to thirty animals. Lion Tailed Macaque Facts. IUCN (2010) estimates a mere 2,500 mature individuals with a total population size of 4,000 individuals. urial, ladakh. Woodland Park Zoo saves wildlife and inspires everyone to make conservation a priority in their lives. The World Conservation Union has added lion-tailed macaque in their Red List of Threatened Animals. The diet of lion tailed macaque is dominated by plant parts (fruit flesh, nectar and resins), rich in simple sugars or polysaccharides, but poor in protein (Kumar, 1987). Quite unfortunately, the remarkable animal also ranks among the rarest and most highly endangered of all primates. [online] Available at: [Accessed 2 January 2021]. The lion-tailed macaque, endemic to the evergreen forests of the Western Ghats in southern India, is endangered. Their diet includes fruits, eggs, insects, small animals and vegetables. They have shiny black hair on the majority of the body, with the exception of an impressive grey mane around the face. 2021. himalayas, wild goats. Singh, M., Kumar, A. The lion-tailed macaque is also known as wanderoo. Lion-tailed macaques are sociable creatures and are seen mostly in … It even uses special cheek pouches to store food while foraging. Size. The lion-tailed macaque is a rainforest dweller; it is diurnal, meaning it is active exclusively in daylight hours. Each group is led by a single dominant male. They weigh between 10 - 25 pounds. Or the bearded monkey new food combinations that they show off to discourage other from! 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